In this season we would like to present a new unique tour “On footsteps of German settlers” in Transnistria. We want to explain why this tour is so unique: in Soviet time was the issue of German colonies because of clear reasons not popular. After breakdown of USSR, during the “reign time” of Igor Smirnov (1991-2011) as President of Transnistria, the region was from the point of view tourism development in hibernation-the officials did not pay enough attention to this branch.
Nowadays, the new (since December 2011) conduction of the PMR makes big efforts to develop tourism in Transnistria.
We contribute our modest mite to this process.
Transnistria Tour offers you the brand-new itinerary “On footsteps of German settlers” in Transnistria, which did not exist in 20th and 21st centuries in our region.
Brief history reference:
German settlements appeared in Transnistrian region (to that time it was a part of Ukraine inside of Russian Empire) in 1808.
The Germans from Baden and Alsace founded here 3 settlements: Glückstal, Neudorf and Bergdorf. These colonies went with a great number of settlements on the territory of Novorossiya. German settler´s main activities were growing grain crops, because it was very profitable to sell grain through the port of Odessa till 1859. Then the taxes were brought in German was the language of communication in colonies Glückstal, Neudorf and Bergdorf during the whole time of staying of settlers till 1944. The church contributed to the preservation of German, because the entire cultural life of settlers was connected with church. In 1871 German settlers were equated with all citizens of Russian Empire. The introduction of compulsory 6-year-duty in Russian army led to immigration of 131 thousands of settlers from 1871 to 1915. Germans moved to USA, Canada, Argentina and Brazil.
After the Nazis took the power in Germany, the settlers were suspected of espionage and counterrevolutionary complot.
A lot of German families were arrested and exiled. In 1936 all German schools were closed in Ukraine, part of which was Transnistria. According to census of the population of MASSR (Transnistria) from 1939 the percentage of ethnical Germans was 2% or 12 thousand people. After the World War 2 the majority of German settlers were exiled to Kazakhstan, from where they returned in 1980-ies. After the collapse of USSR the most of them moved to Germany and North America.
The memory about life of German settlers in colonies Glückstal, Neudorf and Bergdorf is preserved by Transnistrian authorities. In framework of our tour we try to show and tell you about the history of (eventually!) your relatives and compatriots.
- We leave Tiraspol and visit 2 former German settlements in the Transnistrian district of Grigoriopol: Glückstal, Neudorf (Transnistrian names of these villages are: Glinoye, Carmanovo).
- Metting with deputy chief of administration of the village Glinoe (Glückstal). We learn historical documents, which testify the fact of German settlements in the village.
- We take a look at the architecture of village and the house, which was built 200 years ago according to German technologies.
- We visit the place, where was situated the church of German settlers in the village Glinoe (Glückstal). Nowadays it is a house of culture.
- We visit the monument erected for memory of German settlers in the school yard in the village Glinoe( Glückstal). Then we visit school museum, where you learn about the household of German settlers via showpieces.
- We visit descendant of German settlers in the village Carmanovo (Neudorf). You have the unique possibility to speak with the old inhabitant of the village in Swabian dialect at her home.
- Return to Tiraspol.
- 65€* - Offer for the group from 1 to 4 persons.
- 55€* - Offer for the group from 5 to 18 persons.
- * - for 1 person.
- 5 hours.